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文章摘要
张利国,段桂玲,杨红梅,杨梅,谭娟娟,段瑞春,邱啸飞,刘重芃.玄武岩分相Sm-Nd内部等时线定年方法流程[J].岩矿测试,2014,33(5):640-648
ZHANG Li-guo,DUAN Gui-ling,YANG Hong-mei,YANG Mei,TAN Juan-juan,DUAN Rui-chun,QIU Xiao-fei,LIU Chong-peng.Procedure for Sm-Nd Internal Isochron Dating Method on Basalt by Phase Separation[J].Rock and Mineral Analysis,2014,33(5):640-648.DOI:
玄武岩分相Sm-Nd内部等时线定年方法流程
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Procedure for Sm-Nd Internal Isochron Dating Method on Basalt by Phase Separation
投稿时间:2013-12-04  修订日期:2014-07-20
DOI:
中文关键词: 玄武岩  分步溶样  分相  Sm-Nd同位素  年代学  矿物内部等时线
英文关键词: basalt  dissolve by steps  phase separation  Sm-Nd isotope  geochronology  internal isochron
基金项目:中国地质大调查项目(1212011120272,1212011121102)
作者单位
张利国 中国地质调查局武汉地质调查中心同位素地球化学研究室, 湖北武汉 430205 
段桂玲 中国地质调查局武汉地质调查中心同位素地球化学研究室, 湖北武汉 430205 
杨红梅 中国地质调查局武汉地质调查中心同位素地球化学研究室, 湖北武汉 430205 
杨梅 中国地质调查局武汉地质调查中心同位素地球化学研究室, 湖北武汉 430205 
谭娟娟 中国地质调查局武汉地质调查中心同位素地球化学研究室, 湖北武汉 430205 
段瑞春 中国地质调查局武汉地质调查中心同位素地球化学研究室, 湖北武汉 430205 
邱啸飞 中国地质调查局武汉地质调查中心同位素地球化学研究室, 湖北武汉 430205 
刘重芃 中国地质调查局武汉地质调查中心同位素地球化学研究室, 湖北武汉 430205 
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中文摘要:
      长期以来,对玄武岩精确测年一直是困扰地质学家的重大科学问题。玄武岩结构和组成特殊,岩石中矿物组成单一、锆石十分稀少,颗粒很细,采用物理方法挑选单矿物和锆石十分困难,很难应用内部等时线法和锆石U-Pb法研究其成岩时代。而全岩样品间因岩浆分异产生的147Sm/144Nd比值差别很小,等时线年龄相对误差较大;Rb含量很低,Rb/Sr比值很小,全岩Sm-Nd法、Rb-Sr法常常不能给出正确可信的年龄。根据内部等时线法原理,本文通过化学方法,采用王水和氢氟酸-硝酸对玄武岩样品进行分步溶解,分别对同一件样品的王水溶解相、王水不溶相和全岩开展Sm-Nd同位素组成分析。结果表明:通过不同酸介质分步溶解,可提取玄武岩中石英、透辉石、长石等矿物组合,该组合与其全岩具有相同的εNdt)和一致的Nd同位素模式年龄;矿物与全岩构筑的内部等时线中,147Sm/144Nd比值的变化由全岩之间的0.005扩大到0.11,143Nd/144Nd值的变化由全岩的0.512500~0.512547扩大到0.512500~0.513145。通过该方法获得了与已有锆石U-Pb年龄在误差范围内一致的Sm-Nd等时线年龄:t=(991±21) Ma(MSWD=2.1)。通过对比研究,本文认为:玄武岩分相Sm-Nd内部等时线定年方法,适用于前寒武纪及更古老的玄武岩样品的年龄测定。该方法的建立不仅有效提高玄武岩Sm-Nd等时线定年成功率,也为其他隐晶质且不易挑出单矿物样品的年龄测定提供了新的思路。
英文摘要:
      Accurately dating the age of basalt has been an important scientific issue for geologists. Due to its unique texture and composition, the basaltic minerals are limited to certain types, with scarce zircons in tiny grain sizes. It is difficult to pick pure minerals such as zircon from basalt in physical ways, therefore, studying the formation age of basalt by internal isochron or zircon U-Pb methods is challenging. Since whole rock basalt samples, on the other hand, have a limited range of 147Sm/144Nd ratios, low Rb content and low Rb/Sr ratio, the whole rock Sm-Nd method or Rb-Sr method usually cannot yield an accurate age. In this study, the principle of internal isochron and chemical methods, using aqua regia and Hf-HNO3 to dissolve the same basalt samples by steps is utilized, and performed by Sm-Nd isotopic analysis on the 3 phases from the same sample: 1) dissolved phase in aqua regia, 2) undissolved phase in aqua regia and 3) whole rock phase. The results shows that, through dissolving the samples in different acid media by steps, quartz-diopside-feldspar mineral assemblage can be extracted from basalt, and this assemblage has the same εNd(t) and Nd modal age as the whole rock. In the internal isochron constructed by minerals and whole rock, the variation range of 147Sm/144Nd ratio increases from 0.005 within the whole rock to 0.11, the 143Nd/144Nd ratio range varies from 0.512500-0.512547 within the whole rock to 0.512500-0.513145. The Sm-Nd age yielded with this method is identical to previous zircon U-Pb age within uncertainty: t=(991±21) Ma, MSWD=2.1. By comparing the results from conditional experiments, we propose that Sm-Nd internal isochron dating by phase separation is more suitable for rock samples of Precambrian or older. The establishment of this method can effectively increase the success of Sm-Nd isochron dating for basalt, as well as offer a new estimate for other aphanitic rock samples that cannot provide pure minerals for easy dating.
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