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文章摘要
陈爱清,薛雍,徐洪柳,李国武.Rietveld定量方法在蒸发岩矿物组分分析中的精确度评价和误差来源[J].岩矿测试,2017,36(4):374-381
CHEN Ai-qing,XUE Yong,XU Hong-liu,LI Guo-wu.Assessment of Accuracy and Error Sources of the Rietveld Quantitative Phase Analysis Method in Mineral Contents of Evaporites[J].Rock and Mineral Analysis,2017,36(4):374-381.DOI:10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201608020111
Rietveld定量方法在蒸发岩矿物组分分析中的精确度评价和误差来源
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Assessment of Accuracy and Error Sources of the Rietveld Quantitative Phase Analysis Method in Mineral Contents of Evaporites
投稿时间:2016-08-02  修订日期:2017-07-20
DOI:10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201608020111
中文关键词: 蒸发岩  Rietveld物相定量分析  结构精修  钾盐
英文关键词: evaporite  Rietveld quantitative phase analysis  Rietveld refinement  sylvite
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
陈爱清 中国科学院矿物学与成矿学重点实验室, 广东省矿物物理与材料研究开发重点实验室, 中国科学院广州地球化学研究所, 广东 广州 510640
中国科学院大学, 北京 100049 
 
薛雍 北京北达燕园微构分析测试中心, 北京 100084 xyly-299@163.com 
徐洪柳 湖南省有色地质勘查研究院测试中心, 湖南 长沙 410000  
李国武 中国地质大学(北京)科学研究院, 北京 100083  
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中文摘要:
      Rietveld物相定量分析(RQPA)方法在地质学中已有大量应用,在蒸发岩定量分析中,对精确度的评价和误差控制是提高分析质量的重要因素。本文对人工配制和野外采集的样品(石膏和钾盐)进行RQPA分析,并与化学分析结果对比,评价其精确度并分析其主要的误差来源。结果表明:人工配制的氯化钠-氯化钾二元物相的绝对误差为0.4%~0.9%;氯化钠-氯化钾-碳酸钙三元物相的绝对误差为0.1%~1.2%;二元物相样品10次分析的标准偏差为0.702%,相对标准偏差为1.74%(氯化钾)和1.17%(氯化钠);野外采集的石膏和钾盐样品的RQPA分析结果与化学分析结果具有很好的一致性。表明RQPA方法在蒸发岩矿物组分定量分析中具有较高的精确度,其误差主要来源于样品性质、样品制备、测试条件和精修过程等。RQPA方法具有减弱择优取向效应、无需纯样以及提高数据利用率等优点,与化学分析技术联用在蒸发岩矿产勘探、储量评价以及工业应用中具有广泛的前景。
英文摘要:
      The Rietveld phase quantitative analysis (RQPA) method has been widely applied in geology. In the analysis of evaporite, the evaluation and error control of precision are important factors to improve the quality. The RQPA method was applied to simulated binary mixtures (halite and sylvite), ternary mixtures (halite, sylvite, and calcite), and geological samples (i.e., gypsum and sylvite samples). The contents of each mineral calculated by RQPA were compared with the results of chemical analytical data to evaluate the RQPA's accuracy and the main error sources were analyzed. The results show that the absolute errors between theoretical and calculated values are in the range of 0.4%-0.9% and 0.1%-1.2% for the binary and ternary mixtures, respectively. The mineral contents of geological samples matched very well with the results of the chemical analysis. The standard deviation of binary mixtures is 0.702 for 10 calculated results. The relative standard deviation of the same samples are 1.74%(KCl) and 1.17%(NaCl), respectively. The study indicates that the RQPA method is accurate in the quantitative analysis of mineral contents of evaporite rocks. The error sources arose mainly from the nature of the samples, sample preparation, measuring conditions, and refinement process. Due to the advantages of reducing the preferred orientation, not requiring pure samples, and high utilization of data, the RQPA method has a potentially extensive application in mineral exploration analysis, reserve evaluation, and industries of evaporites, when coupled with the chemical analysis method.
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