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ZHANG Li-guo,DUAN Gui-ling,YANG Hong-mei,YANG Mei,TAN Juan-juan,DUAN Rui-chun,QIU Xiao-fei,LIU Chong-peng.Procedure for Sm-Nd Internal Isochron Dating Method on Basalt by Phase Separation[J].Rock and Mineral Analysis,2014,33(5):640-648
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Procedure for Sm-Nd Internal Isochron Dating Method on Basalt by Phase Separation
Received:December 04, 2013  Revised:July 20, 2014
DOI:
Key words: basalt  dissolve by steps  phase separation  Sm-Nd isotope  geochronology  internal isochron
Author NameAffiliation
ZHANG Li-guo Isotopic Geochemistry Laboratory, Wuhan Center of Geological Survey, China Geological Survey, Wuhan 430205, China 
DUAN Gui-ling Isotopic Geochemistry Laboratory, Wuhan Center of Geological Survey, China Geological Survey, Wuhan 430205, China 
YANG Hong-mei Isotopic Geochemistry Laboratory, Wuhan Center of Geological Survey, China Geological Survey, Wuhan 430205, China 
YANG Mei Isotopic Geochemistry Laboratory, Wuhan Center of Geological Survey, China Geological Survey, Wuhan 430205, China 
TAN Juan-juan Isotopic Geochemistry Laboratory, Wuhan Center of Geological Survey, China Geological Survey, Wuhan 430205, China 
DUAN Rui-chun Isotopic Geochemistry Laboratory, Wuhan Center of Geological Survey, China Geological Survey, Wuhan 430205, China 
QIU Xiao-fei Isotopic Geochemistry Laboratory, Wuhan Center of Geological Survey, China Geological Survey, Wuhan 430205, China 
LIU Chong-peng Isotopic Geochemistry Laboratory, Wuhan Center of Geological Survey, China Geological Survey, Wuhan 430205, China 
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Abstract:
      Accurately dating the age of basalt has been an important scientific issue for geologists. Due to its unique texture and composition, the basaltic minerals are limited to certain types, with scarce zircons in tiny grain sizes. It is difficult to pick pure minerals such as zircon from basalt in physical ways, therefore, studying the formation age of basalt by internal isochron or zircon U-Pb methods is challenging. Since whole rock basalt samples, on the other hand, have a limited range of 147Sm/144Nd ratios, low Rb content and low Rb/Sr ratio, the whole rock Sm-Nd method or Rb-Sr method usually cannot yield an accurate age. In this study, the principle of internal isochron and chemical methods, using aqua regia and Hf-HNO3 to dissolve the same basalt samples by steps is utilized, and performed by Sm-Nd isotopic analysis on the 3 phases from the same sample: 1) dissolved phase in aqua regia, 2) undissolved phase in aqua regia and 3) whole rock phase. The results shows that, through dissolving the samples in different acid media by steps, quartz-diopside-feldspar mineral assemblage can be extracted from basalt, and this assemblage has the same εNd(t) and Nd modal age as the whole rock. In the internal isochron constructed by minerals and whole rock, the variation range of 147Sm/144Nd ratio increases from 0.005 within the whole rock to 0.11, the 143Nd/144Nd ratio range varies from 0.512500-0.512547 within the whole rock to 0.512500-0.513145. The Sm-Nd age yielded with this method is identical to previous zircon U-Pb age within uncertainty: t=(991±21) Ma, MSWD=2.1. By comparing the results from conditional experiments, we propose that Sm-Nd internal isochron dating by phase separation is more suitable for rock samples of Precambrian or older. The establishment of this method can effectively increase the success of Sm-Nd isochron dating for basalt, as well as offer a new estimate for other aphanitic rock samples that cannot provide pure minerals for easy dating.